Policies are plans on how to reach certain objectives. A Public Policy (in the political/governance area) tells you not only how but also how much of public resources are used to invest in the objectives.
Generally speaking, a Policy is a long-term plan, while a Strategy focuses on more specific actions and short or medium-term goals.
Germany's National Youth Strategy
No national youth strategy developed jointly by the federal states (Länder) and authorities exists in Germany. However, there are individual youth strategies both at national level and in various regions and local communities that build on the notion of an Independent Youth Policy (Eigenständige Jugendpolitik). The federal states (Länder) and local authorities have their own action plans, known as youth plans (Jugendpläne).
Italy's National Youth Policy
When it comes to youth policies, the Italian government adopts a dual approach, articulated in the development and promotion of two categories of measures: actions that directly target young people; integration actions, based on a transversal approach, in all areas that affect the lives of young people. Youth policies are based on an institutional dialogue between the Government and local autonomies in which financial resources, objectives and priorities for intervention in the field of youth policies are defined.
Portugal's National Energy and Climate Plan
The National Energy and Climate Plan (PNEC) 2021-2030 is a decisive national policy instrument for defining the strategic lines for the next decade towards carbon neutrality, and is necessarily in line with the visions and narratives defined in the Roadmap for Carbon Neutrality (RNC) 2050.
Portugal's National Youth Plan
The National Youth Plan 2018-2021 (PNJ) was adopted by the Council of Ministers in September 2018. The objective of the Plan is to strengthen the protection of the rights of young people and to ensure its transversality. The PNJ focuses on several areas affecting the lives of young people. Want to know more?
Slovenia's National Youth Programme
Youth policy in Slovenia is a cross-cutting policy area, therefore legislative provisions targeting youth are included in education, health, employment and housing policy (among others). Nevertheless, there is a framework to ensure that young people’s needs are included and promoted in national policy plans: the National Youth Programme 2013-2022.